Ethiopia Mountain

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Entries from November 18th, 2007

Ethiopia’s Soil

3,176 Comments · Topography

In this generalized soils record only the dominant soil types are indicated. The area percentages given for each soil unit are the percentage of occurrence of the soil type over the country as dominant soil, as well as in association with other soil types.

The nomenclature used is the FAO/UNESCO legend for the soil map of the world 1966 E.C (1974).

A. Orithic Acrisols (4.5 %)
These soils have a distinct argillic B horizon and a low base saturation. The topsoil can have a coarse texture.

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Ethiopia and its Geology

302 Comments · Topography

The basement upon which all younger formations were deposited contains the oldest rocks in the country, the Precambrian, with ages of over 600 million years.

They are exposed in areas where the younger cover rocks have been eroded away; namely, in parts of Harerge, Sidamo, Bale, Ilubabor, Gojam, Welega, Gonder, and Tigray Administrative Regions.

The Precambrian contains a wide variety of sedimentary, volcanic and intrusive rocks which have been metamorphosed to varying degrees.

The basement in the south and west of the country, where granitic rocks and gneisses predominate, has been more strongly metamorphosed than Preecambrian sequences in the north.

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Entoto Mountains

10,725 Comments · Entoto Mountains


The Entoto Mountains (also called the Entoto Hills) lie north of Addis Ababa (capital of Ethiopia), in the Oromia Region.

Mount Entoto is part of the Entoto mountain chain, reaching 3,200 meters above sea level.

It is also a historical place where Menelik II dwelled and established his palace, when he came from Ankober and founded Addis Ababa. Established on these remarkable peaks, Addis Ababa is the highest capital in Africa. It is considered a sacred location and holds many monasteries.

They are known for their views over the capital, and are the location for Addis Ababa’s immediate predecessor as capital.

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