Ethiopia Mountain

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Topography

52 Comments · Topography

Ethiopia is a country of great geographical diversity with high and rugged mountains, flat topped plateaus, deep gorges, incised river valleys and rolling plains.

Over the ages, erosion, volcanic eruptions, tectonic movements and subsidence have occurred and continued through millennia to accentuate the unevenness of the surface.
Altitudes range from the highest peak at Ras Dejen, 4620 meters above sea level, down to the depression of the Kobar Sink, about 110 meters below sea level.

Most of the country consists of high plateau and mountain ranges with precipitious edges dissected by the numerous streams which are the tributaries of the major rivers such as the Abay (Blue Nile), Tekeze, Awash, Omo, Wabe Shebele, Baro-Akobo, etc.

Since the country is located within the tropics, the physical conditions and variations in altitude have resulted in a great diversity of climate, soil and vegetation.

The Great Rift Valley separates the Western Highlands and the South Eastern Highlands, and the highlands on each side give way to vast semi-arid lowland areas in the east and west and especially in the south of the country.

 (Source: National Atlas of Ethiopia)

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